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In 1983 two doctors, one from each side of the world, decided to form a partnership, and so began a scientific adventure that would improve the odds that babies could be born healthy and whole. Neural tube defects that severely disabled or killed babies were epidemic in China (where the folk term was guai tai--roughly "monster baby"--for an infant whose embryonic neural tube doesn't completely close and whose head and neck may be misshapen or spine may protrude) and a significant problem in the United States, leading teams of researchers from the United States and China to combine forces to recruit more than 285,000 Chinese women and to follow nearly 250,000 pregnancies in an epidemiological study. Sixteen thousand staff were involved in running the project, which encountered massive bureaucratic obstacles as well as cultural differences, politicking for study designs and funding, the crisis of Tiananmen Square, and testy debates over research ethics. Nevertheless, the researchers persevered in a collaboration that lasted more than three decades and led to landmark findings on the role of folic acid in preventing spina bifida. Fortifying cereal grain products with folic acid became routine in the United States and a growing number of nations around the world: that intervention was named one of the ten great public health achievements of the last decade.
This book offers a concise, useful introduction to the indigenous visual expressions created in the Americas, Africa and Asia. It emphasizes the idea that Non-Western cultures have history, that known events occurred, important people lived, and that the arts changed through time. A global perspective on art covers Andean, Mesoamerican, Native American, African, Indian, Chinese and Japanese art, with additional coverage of expressions in Southeast Asia and The Pacific Islands. For those who appreciate visual expressions and the language of art--especially as it pertains to key areas of Non-Western cultures.
A Beginner's Guide to Earthquake Disaster Management Table of Contents Introduction What You Should Know about Earthquakes What Are the Aftermaths of an Earthquake Which Are the Safe Places in Your House Fear of Earthquakes First Aid Training Behavior of Children during Earthquakes Emergency Earthquake Disaster Kit Home Extinguishers for Electric Fires Items for Your Car Readying your house for An Earthquake Building Codes and Standards On the Road during an Earthquake Evacuation of your house Conclusion Author Bio Publisher Introduction Earthquakes have long been powerful natural calamities influencing the life and times of mankind down the centuries. One would not be surprised if the lost lands of Atlantis were buried under the sea because of a powerful underwater earthquake. In the same manner the Himalayan mountain range came out from under the Tethys sea millenniums ago, due to this upheaval when the tectonic plates of the land shifted and changed the topography of what is now known as the Indian subcontinent. So is it a wonder that earthquakes have always been considered by humans down the ages to be caused due to the wrath of the gods or due to some other supernatural mysterious agency, which created and destroyed and was terrible in its intensity while it lasted. Excavations in ancient China brought to light earthquake indicators made millenniums ago. These were frogs made up of metal, which had light round balls in their mouths. The moment the ground trembled in the vicinity, the vibrations would reach the metal, and the balls would drop down into the bowls underneath the frogs' mouths. I have a feeling that the ancient Chinese were used to earthquakes, because as far as I know, an earthquake needed to happen, before the vibrations would register. And at that time, it would be a situation of save yourself instead of looking at the earthquake indicator.
This title covers: Qi-Lin Zhou and Jian-Hua Xie: Chiral Spiro Catalysts; Fuk Loi Lam, Fuk Yee Kwong and Albert S. C. Chan: Chiral Phosphorus Ligands with Interesting Properties and Practical Applications; Jiang Pan, Hui-Lei Yu, Jian-He Xu, Guo-Qiang Lin: Advances in Biocatalysis: Enzymatic Reactions and Their Applications; Mei-Xiang Wang: Enantioselective Biotransformations of Nitriles; Man Kin Wong, Yiu Chung Yip and Dan Yang: Asymmetric Epoxidation Catalyzed by Chiral Ketones; W. J. Liu, N. Li and L. Z. Gong: Asymmetric Organocatalysis; and, Qing-Hua Fan and Kuiling Ding: Enantioselective Catalysis with Structurally Tunable Immobilized Catalysts. This title also covers: Chang-Hua Ding, Xue-Long Hou: Transition Metal-Catalyzed Asymmetric Allylation; Jian Zhou and Yong Tang: Enantioselective Reactions with Trisoxazolines; and, Xiang-Ping Hu, Duo-Sheng Wang, Chang-Bin Yu, Yong-Gui Zhou, and Zhuo Zheng: Adventure in Asymmetric Hydrogenation: Synthesis of Chiral Phosphorus Ligands and Asymmetric Hydrogenation of Heteroaromtics.
Captain Philip Thicknesse was a British author, eccentric and friend of the artist Thomas Gainsborough.
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