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Among maternal deities of the Greek pantheon, the Mother of the Gods was a paradox. She is variously described as a devoted mother, a chaste wife, an impassioned lover, and a virgin daughter; she is said to be both foreign and familiar to the Greeks. In this erudite and absorbing study, Mark Munn examines how the cult of Mother of the Gods came from Phrygia and Lydia, where she was the mother of tyrants, to Athens, where she protected the laws of the Athenian democracy. Analyzing the divergence of Greek and Asiatic culture at the beginning of the classical era, Munn describes how Kybebe, the Lydian goddess who signified fertility and sovereignty, assumed a different aspect to the Greeks when Lydia became part of the Persian empire. Conflict and resolution were played out symbolically, he shows, and the goddess of Lydian tyranny was eventually accepted by the Athenians as the Mother of the Gods, and as a symbol of their own sovereignty.
This book investigates, from a sociocultural, linguistic, and pedagogical perspective, the conceptual and pragmatic frameworks that characterize secondary language learning in a Northeast Asian context. Hadzantonis contextualizes these salient domains through an engagement with social and cultural themes such as the familial, political, as well as cultural commodities and socioeducational structures. In this way, the text employs tools such as transnational theory and performativity and develops a model that contributes to the resolution of one of the greatest economic issues of the time, that of ineffective secondary language learning.
This book explains why South Asia has experienced so many secessionist movements since decolonization began in the late 1940s, even though only one violent struggle has been successful: the creation of Bangladesh.
Using a comparative analytical framework, and including secessionist movements from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, the book examines why nation-building projects in these states have failed to successfully integrate sub-national communities whose attempts to create an alternative political community have significantly impeded economic growth in the region.
The book argues that, while secessionism in South Asia has been commonplace - frequently with widespread and destructive consequences - it has been an avoidable feature of the region's political landscape. The same features of national distinctiveness, firebrand leadership, poverty, discrimination, central interference and neglect have characterized other regions in these states that have not been afflicted by secessionism. Rather, the key feature has been the inability of the government to effectively manage the intersection of these features to prevent secessionist tendencies gaining traction.
Addressing the major movements in South Asia from a comparative explanatory viewpoint, the book also offers a comprehensive review of relevant explanatory theories dominant in the scholarly literature on secession and an examination of their application to South Asia. A thought-provoking discussion of statehood and sovereignty, the book will be of interest to students of political theory, comparative politics, international relations and South Asian politics.
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